You will find that many Sudanese know English which they
have learned in school. Today, however, Arabic is the official language spoken by a
majority of the people and is also taught in schools. Though hundreds of languages
are native to Sudan, Arabic has, through government policy, become the common
language. It is the language of prayer for Muslims.
Sudanese greetings are very polite and rather complex compared to ours. Saying, "Hello. How are you? How is your family?" would seem simple to Sudanese. In Sudan, or among the Sudanese anywhere, two friends might greet each other with smiles and gentle shoves on each other's shoulder. Then they will shake hands and embark on a pleasant ritual of exchanging formal greetings, inquiring if all is "well", or tamam. You might hear enthusiastic replies of tamam!
Sere are some basic Arabic words and phrases to try: