Landscape and Climate
Korea is a peninsula in northeast Asia which lies south of Russia and China. Its southern tip is within 120 km of Japan. The Sea of Japan and the Korean Strait separate Korea from Japan on the east. The Yellow Sea separates Korea and China on the west.

Korea experiences four distinct seasons. The northern areas of South Korea are cooler than the southern areas. Winter begins in November and lasts until March. Winds blow in from Siberia and in some parts of Korea, temperatures can fall to -15C. Summer, also known as monsoon season, lasts from June to August and is hot and humid with temperatures that, in some areas, can rise to 35C. Koreans might vacation in the mountains or go to beaches to get away from the heat. The favourite seasons are spring and fall when temperatures are moderate and skies are clear and bright.

Korea has varied terrain. Swift, shallow rivers help to define the political boundaries of Korea's nine provinces. Roughly 75% of Korea is mountainous. Large port centres and cities like Seoul and Pusan have developed along major rivers. The lush and fertile southwestern area of Korea is thought of as the rice bin. About 300 of the 3000 islands that surround Korea are inhabited. The largest, Cheju-do Island, is a tourist attraction and a romantic spot for honeymooners.

Did you know?

Located on the banks of the Han-gang River, Seoul is home to one-fourth of Korea's population.

Summary Fact Sheet

Official Name: Republic of Korea
Capital: Seoul
Type of Government: Republic
Population: 45.5 million
Area: 98,480 sq km
Ethnic Group: Korean
Language: Korean
Religions: Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Chondogyoism
Unit of Currency: South Korean Won
National Flag: The T'aegukki - white background with blue and red yin and yang symbols in the centre. Black symbolic lines at each of the four corners represent earth, heaven, water and fire
Date of Independence: August 15, 2021

Did you know?

The name Korea comes from the early dynasty name Koryo which means high mountains and clear water.