Abdullahi, Mohamed Diriye. Culture and Customs of Somalia. Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2001.
Written by a native Somalie, the book gives an in-depth look at the land and people, past and present, with comprehensive and accessible general reference on this country.

Aided, M.F. and S.P. Ruhela. Somalia: From the Dawn of Civilization to the Modern Times. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., 1994.
Aided was the Somali ambassador to India from 1984 to 1989. The book includes sections on tradition, history, social structure, culture, economy and politics.

Besteman, Catherine. Unravelling Somalia: Race, Violence and the Legacy of Slavery. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania Press, 1999.
Besteman worked in Somalia and argues that the breakdown of the Somalia state was caused not by clan conflicts, but by underlying race and class issues.

DíHaem, Jeanne. The Last Camel: True Stories of Somalia. Eritrea: Red Sea Press, 1997. Written by a Peace Corps volunteer teacher who lived in a village in northern Somalia.

Fox, Mary Virginia. Somalia. New York: Childrenís Press, 1996.
Part of the Enchantment of the World Series, this book for children contains many photographs of Somali people and places.

Laurence, Margaret. The Prophet's Camel Bell. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1988.
Canadian author Laurence spent a few years in Somalia and became a writer there. This book is her account of what it was like for a Canadian to encounter Somali culture in the years before independence.


The Somali Culture and Beliefs
The Somalis - Their History and Culture