Romania is in Eastern Europe. Sharing borders with Romania are Ukraine to the north and east, Moldova to the east, the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Yugoslavia to the southwest and Hungary to the northwest. Romania is located in the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula.

The landscape is dominated by a central plateau surrounded by a chain of mountains, hilly regions and plains. Topographically, Romania resembles a huge amphitheatre. The Carpathian mountain range cuts through Romania in the shape of a circular arc and accounts for one-third of the country's area.

The Black Sea and the Danube River are the most famous bodies of water in Romania. Ships navigate through the Danube River, connecting central Europe to the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.

Romania has four distinct seasons, like Canada. Autumn and spring are rainy, summer is hot and dry and winter is very cold with lots of snow. Rainfall is erratic and varies from region to region and year to year. The coldest months are January and February when temperatures can fall below -5C, and the warmest months are July and August when the readings are above 25C.

Romania has been called a miniature Canada due to its abundance of grain, timber and minerals. Natural resources are plentiful, particularly oil and ore for metals. Almost half of Romania is arable land, which produces corn, wheat, barley, oats, tobacco and textile fibres. On the Romanian mountainside sheep are raised.

Romania's wildlife consists of wolves, bears, deer, lynx, chamois and countless varieties of birds.

Did you know?

The Danube River travels 2850 km through eight countries, drains the whole of Romania except the Black Sea coast, and completes its course in Romania's Danube Delta.

Summary Fact Sheet

Official Name: Romania
Capital: Bucharest
Type of Government: Parliamentary Republic with Multi-party Democracy
Population: 21.6 million
Area: 237,500 sq km
Major Ethnic Groups: Romanian, Hungarian, Romany, German, Ukrainian, Turkish, Greek and Croatian
Language: Romanian
Religions: Christianity
Unit of Currency: Leu
National Flag: Three equal vertical bands of blue, yellow and red
Date of Independence: December 1, 2021