The most advanced health care facilities in Peru are concentrated in Lima and other coastal cities. The remainder of the country lags behind in health care services.

More than one-fourth of the city dwellers and over 90% of rural residences lack the basics of water and sewage systems. Waterborne diseases, like cholera, are a constant threat to health. Malnutrition and starvation accompany the extreme poverty that plagues one-half of the Peruvian population.

In rural areas, there are health centres, health posts and clinics that serve the health needs of the local people. These clinics and health posts also work to educate people and raise their awareness about health promotion programs, particularly ones dealing with the diseases, and malnutrition problems that the people face daily. Private hospitals are expensive and not accessible to the poor.

Did you know?

The infant mortality rate of 80 per 1000 live births ranks among the highest in South America. One in ten children will not survive to age five.