Communicating with Pakistanis

The division of Pakistan into its four provinces: Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan and the North-West Frontier was largely done on the basis of languages. Each of these principal ethnic groups and mountain tribes has its own language Punjabi, Sindhi, Baluchi and Paktun, respectively. Educated Pakistanis are able to read and write in Urdu as well as in English.

Islam has influenced the language and the philosophy of the people. Hence, it is common for Pakistanis to mention God's name in everyday instances. For example, Bismillah means "I begin in the name of Allah" Muslims commonly use this phrase before starting any activity. Inshaallah means "if it is the will of Allah." which is a response to any invitation. This expresses their intent but also suggests that events are not really within their control.

Here is a list of Urdu phrases for you to try:
Assalaam AlaikumPeace be upon you
Wa'alaikum salaamMay peace be upon you
Aap ka naam kya hai? What is your name?
Meri naam Fatima hai. My name is Fatima
ShukriyaThank you
Khuda hafeez Goodbye/God be with you

Urdu is the national language of Pakistan. It is spoken or understood in most parts of the country.
English is used by people in government and business. It is also used in schools and colleges.
Punjabi is spoken in Punjab.
Pushto is spoken by the Pathans in the North-West Frontier.
Baluchi is spoken in Baluchistan.
Sindhi is spoken in Sind.