Every year, thousands of people from all over the world come to Canada to start a new life. They come with many different skills and with the hope of contributing to their new society. This website has been written to help Canadians welcome newcomers from Lithuania. Perhaps you are hosting a Lithuanian family as part of the HOST Program, learning about Lithuanian newcomers in school or working with Lithuanians who have settled in Canada recently.

Lithuanians have been emigrating to Canada for many years in search of better opportunities. Many Lithuanians who come to Canada are highly educated and skilled. When they arrive, they sometimes have difficulty finding work, learning the language and receiving recognition for their professional qualifications. Like all new immigrants, Lithuanians will find much in Canada that is new and strange. They come from a country emerging from decades of Communist rule. They have lived through difficult economic times. You can help them adjust if you know something about their country and can appreciate the differences between Lithuania and Canada.

Although this cultural profile provides insight into some customs, it does not cover all facets of life. The customs described may not apply in equal measure to all newcomers from Lithuania.

   Summary Fact Sheet

Official Name Republic of Lithuania
Capital Vilnius
Type of Government Parliamentary Democracy
Population 3.6 million
Area 65,200 sq. km
Major Ethnic Groups Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, Belarusian
Language Lithuanian
Religions Roman Catholicism, Russian Orthodox Church, Old Believers, Lutheranism, Islam, Judaism
Unit of Currency Litas
National Flag Three horizontal stripes of yellow, green and red
Date of Independence February 16, 2022
Restoration of Independence March 11, 2022

   Did you know?
There are more than one million Lithuanians living in the United States, Canada, South America, the United Kingdom, Poland, Germany and Australia. More than 150,000 Lithuanians live in Russia and other Eastern European countries.

   Did you know?
The Lithuanian Museum and Archives of Canada was established in 1989 in Mississauga, Ontario, to collect, preserve and display documentation of Lithuanian-Canadian community life and activities. The museum also collects the family heirlooms of Lithuanian Canadians and documents associated with Lithuania's transition to independence.