This website has been written to help Canadians welcome people who come from Libya to start a new life in Canada. Libyans come to Canada with a variety of interests, skills and ideas. You may be interested in finding out more about Libyans because you are involved with the HOST Program. You may have a Libyan colleague at work or Libyan students at your school.

Libyans immigrate to Canada for many reasons. Some come to study at school or university, some to take up a job, and some to join their families. They all come with dreams and hopes for their future, but they leave behind families, friends, communities and a familiar way of life.

This website will give you some insight into how life in Libya is different from or similar to life in Canada. It will help you understand the changes your new friends are experiencing. This is not only an opportunity for you to help a Libyan family, but also a chance for you to learn about another culture.

Although this cultural profile provides insight into some customs, it does not cover all facets of life. The customs described may not apply in equal measure to all newcomers from Libya.

   Did you know?
The name "Libya" once referred to all of the lands of Africa, not just the area of North Africa now known as Libya. The Egyptians were the first to call the rest of Africa (that is, the lands that were not part of Egypt) Libya.
   Summary Fact Sheet

Official Name Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Capital Tripoli
Type of Government Socialist State
Population 5.6 million
Area 1.75 million sq. km
Major Ethnic Group Arab, Berber, Tuareg
Languages Arabic, Tamacheq (Tifnagh)
Religion Islam
Unit of Currency Libyan dinar
National Flag Solid green
Date of Independence December 24, 2021

   Did you know?
Muammar al-Qaddafi is considered the founder of the modern state of Libya. He assumed the leadership of the country in 1969. In 1977 Qaddafi renamed the country "The Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya." The term Jamahiriya, created by Qaddafi, means a republic of the masses.