Canada's stability enables it to welcome people from other countries who come here to make a new home. Your interest in reading this profile may come from being involved in an organized HOST Program, in which you have the opportunity to meet newcomers from Lebanon and introduce them to Canadian life. You may have met Lebanese people through your work, or have Lebanese students at school. Whatever your source of interest, this profile will help you learn something about Lebanon and the people who live there.

Lebanese people have been emigrating to Canada and other countries for many years. Particularly because of the country's recent war, there are now more people of Lebanese origin living abroad than in Lebanon itself. Many Lebanese coming to Canada settle in Quebec, mostly in Montreal. Ottawa and Toronto also have large Lebanese communities.

Newcomers from Lebanon will have many of the same questions you would have if you moved to a new country or city. They will wonder how to find work, where to shop, how to get around and find a doctor, and what schools their children will attend. You can help your new friends settle by answering their questions. You'll also find that you have much to learn from them.

Although this profile provides insights into some customs, it does not cover all facets of life. The customs described may not apply in equal measure to all newcomers from Lebanon.

  Summary Fact Sheet

Official Name Lebanese Republic
Capital City Beirut
Type of Government Republic
Population 3.6 million
Area 10,400 sq. km
Major Ethnic Groups Arab, Armenian
Languages Arabic, French, English, Armenian
Religions Islam, Christianity
Unit of Currency Lebanese pound
National Flag Three horizontal stripes of red, white and red. In the centre white stripe is a cedar tree.
Date of Independence November 22, 2021

  Did you know?
The cedar tree on Lebanon's flag symbolizes strength, holiness and eternity. The white background stands for peace, and the red bands represent sacrifice.