About 90% of Jordanians are Sunni Muslims. There are also a few thousand Shi'ite Muslims and small number of Christians, including members of Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant churches, who trace their roots to the earliest Christian churches. A small group of Druze lives in the northern part of the country near Syria. Druze is a Muslim sect whose followers live apart from other Muslims and share some beliefs with Jews and Christians. 

In Jordan, there is no separation of church and state as there is in Canada. Even the King must be not only Muslim, but a child of Muslim parents. However, the constitution guarantees freedom of religion for its citizens, and the government sets aside a certain percentage of seats in the parliament for minority groups.

The religion of Islam was established by the prophet Mohammed in the 7th century. The holy book is the Qu'ran. The Qu'ran contains instructions for many facets of life, and is regarded as the supreme authority on all matters. For example, it bans the use of alcohol or drugs, specifies the differences between men's and women's inheritances, and gives a strict order and ritual for prayers.
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About 25,000 of Jordan's Sunni Muslims are non-Arabs who are known as Circassians. These are the descendants of people who fled persecution in Russia in the 19th century and settled in Jordan.
The essential beliefs and practices of Muslims are known as the Five Pillars of Islam. The first, shahada, means acknowledging that there is only one God (Allah) and that his prophet is Mohammed. The second, salat, is a duty to pray five times daily. The third, zakat, means sharing with the poor. The fourth, saum, means fasting from sunrise to sunset during the holy month of Ramadan. This commemorates the month in which Islam's holy book, the Qu'ran, was first revealed to the prophet Mohammed. The fifth pillar, hajj, means to make a pilgrimage to Mecca, the site of the holiest Islamic mosque. Every Muslim who is in good health and can afford it is expected to make the journey at least once.