Immigrants from India have been settling in Canada since 1904. Since then, thousands have made Canada their new home, bringing with them their talents and skills, and the hope of contributing to their new country. Many have come directly from India; others migrated to Canada after living in places such as Africa, Britain or the Caribbean-sometimes for generations.

 You may be reading this profile because you are a volunteer in an organized HOST program. You may have Indian colleagues at work, or have Indian students at your school. Whatever your source of interest, this profile will help you understand something about India and the people who live there. 

Indians moving to Canada will have many of the same questions you would have if you moved to a new city or country. They will want to know how to find work, what schools their children should attend, how to get around and what their new community is like. You can help your new friends settle by answering their questions. You'll also find that you have much to learn from them.

 Although this profile provides insight into some customs, it does not cover all facets of life. The customs described may not apply in equal measure to all newcomers from India. 
  Summary Fact Sheet

Official Name Republic of India
Capital New Delhi
Type of Government Democratic Republic
Population 1.29 billion
Area 3,287,590 sq. km
Major Ethnic Groups Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Mongoloid
Languages Hindi, English, Bengali, Telugu, Tamil, Marathi, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, others
Religions Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, others
Unit of Currency Rupee
National Flag Three horizontal bankds of orange, white and green. The middle white stripe contains a chakra, popularly known as Asoka, a symbol of the powers of nature 
Date of Independence August 15, 2021


  Did you know?
One out of every five people in the world lives in India.



  Did you know?
Mark Twain remarked that "India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the matter of legends, and the great grandmother of tradition."