|According to a saying in Quito, "There is no blank wall." The walls in Quito are covered with graffiti, which is part of Ecuador's urban culture. Graffiti in Ecuador often expresses social and political ideas or poetic sentiments. For example, one graffiti artist wrote on a wall: Es más fácil describir lo que no es amor, which means "It's easier to describe what isn't love." Each different graffiti group has its own signature. During speeches, politicians and journalists frequently quote the messages on the walls.|
The indigenous people in Ecuador have long been known for their
musical ability and talent. At festivals, groups play both indigenous and Spanish-European
music. The instruments include bamboo flutes, pan pipes (called rondador), ukuleles,
drums and violins. Popular folksongs that are performed by musical groups at fiestas include
"Rosa Maria" and "El Condor Pasa." Ecuador's most popular dance tunes are called
Ecuador's churches and monasteries show both Indian and Spanish influences. Contemporary art reflects social and cultural values in Ecuador. Camilo Egas's pictures reflect social conditions and Manuel Rendon's paintings depict religious themes.
Quito is also famous for its museums. One of the most popular
museums is the Guayasamín Museum. It contains many pre-colonial and colonial
sculptures. It also has a collection of the paintings of Oswaldo Guayasam¡n, one of
Ecuador's most famous painters.
Ambato, a city in central Ecuador, is known as the "city of the three Juans." Juan Montalvo is considered the father of Ecuadorian philosophy. Juan Leon Mera was a famous musician who wrote the words for Ecuador's national anthem. Juan Benigo Vela was a famous politician and political essayist.
Ecuador has produced many novelists and poets. Jorge Icaza wrote a
controversial novel called Huasipungo in 1934, which depicted the plight of
indigenous peoples in the Sierra and the problems created by the oil industry. Jorge
Enrique Adoum's Entre Marx y una Mujer Desnuda (1976) is a novel about novel-writing
itself, and about life in Ecuador.